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Analogy

As Forms of Reasoning, Analogy and Analysis Form a dialectic for the Distinction of Objects.

With Reasoning by Analysis , the distinction between Analogy and Analysis is drawn as follows:

With Reasoning by Analogy , the distinction between Analogy and Analysis is confused as follows:


In the case of Analogy , the confusion may be constructive or destructive, depending on whether the Analogy is strong or weak, respectively.

For example, the above Analogy between Analysis and Analogy is quite weak and reveals very little knowledge with respect to the Forms of Reasoning.

On the other hand, the Analogy between mathematical Forms and physical Forms is quite strong and reveals a great deal of knowledge, with respect to the the behavior of Physical Objects.


Gramatically, the kind reader can easily recognize the use of Analogy by noting the use of the word "as", "like". "likewise", etc. That is to say, an assertion which is made with reasoning by Analogy typically has the Form :

                ... X ... as ... Y ...

and asserts that X is analogous to Y.

Likewise, the kind reader can easily recognize the use of Analysis by noting the use of the word "is". That is to say, an assertion which is made with reasoning by Analysis typically has the Form :

                ... X ... is ... Y ...
and asserts that X is identical to Y.

The kind reader is urged to observe this distinction and how it permeates the language.

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Analogy

noun
plural - analogies

  1. a. Similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar. b. A comparison based on such similarity.
  2. Biology. Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
  3. A form of logical inference or an instance of it, based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they must be alike in other respects.
  4. Linguistics. a. The process by which words and morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, as Modern English name : names for Old English nama : naman on the model of nouns like stone : stones. b. The process by which inflectional paradigms are made more regular by the replacement of an uncommon or irregular stem or affix by one that is common or regular, as bit in Modern English bit, bitten for Old English b?t, biten.

[Middle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek, from analogos, proportionate. See analogous.]

analogous - adjective, noun

  1. Similar or alike in such a way as to permit the drawing of an analogy.
  2. Biology. Similar in function but not in structure and evolutionary origin.

[From Latin analogus, from Greek analogos, proportionate: ana-, according to. See ana- + logos, proportion.]

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Updated 96/02/01.